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Yes, if Detected early, can be treated, and hence it’s become important to screen regularly and be aware about your own body signals. If You notice anything Unusual in the body, please report it to your Physicians.

There is no single treatment for cancer, doctors have a range of options available and must decide which is best for the patient. They will often combine several types of treatment for greater effect, taking into account all sorts of factors.

 

a) Surgery

Surgery is complete or partial removal of tumor. It is used in several ways to help cancer patients. It provides the best chance to stop many types of cancer, and it also plays a part in diagnosing, staging, and supporting cancer treatment. Several types of surgery are helpful to people with cancer. Some surgeries are used in combination with other types of treatment. The goal of surgery is to eliminate the cancer or in the case of advanced disease, relieve symptoms and to achieve long term remission. The goal is to

  • Remove primary cancer
  • Leave an area around the cancerous asite that is free of cancer cells. Therefore, no cancer cells are present in the tissue surrounding the surgery site.
  • Remove nearby lymph nodes. The nodes are then examined to see if they contain any cancer cells. This is important to correctly stage the cancer. Having surgery for cancer is different for every patient, depending on the type of surgery, type of cancer, and the patient’s health.

 

b) Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy uses precisely targeted high energy rays to kill cancer cells. It does this by damaging a cell’s internal components (molecule), causing the cells to commit suicide by apoptosis. Radiotherapy is usually required for one of the Comprehensive Blood & Cancer Centers following reasons:

  •  As Single Treatment Modality.
  • Neo-Adjuvant- To shrink a cancer before surgery
  • Adjuvant-To reduce risk of cancer coming back after surgery.
  • Concomitant- To complement chemotherapy
  • To control symptoms and improve quality of life if a cancer is too advanced to cure

 

c) Chemotherapy-

With the chemotherapy intent is to kill the cancerous cells by affecting their cell cycle. Usually Chemotherapy kills cancerous cell while having some side effects on normal body cells. With the availability of targeted drugs, hormonal therapies and Immune therapies its possible now to reach the Specific site of the Cancer, hence minimizing the side effects.

Your Consultants will choose the best suited Chemotherapy regimen for you depending on the Type of Cancer, Your Overall Health and other Factors.

Diagnostic blood tests

Blood tests like CBC’s- complete blood counts and differential blood cell counts.

Tumor markers-. Alpha fetoprotein (AFP), carcinoeembryonic antigen (CEA), Prostate specific antigen (PSA) etc are used to indicate the presence of tumor.

Imaging Techniques

Imaging is the process of producing valuable pictures of body structures and organs. It is used to detect tumors and other abnormalities, to determine the extent of disease, and to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment. Imaging may also be used when performing biopsies and other surgical procedures.

Simply Remember- CAUTION

- Changes in bowel or bladder habits

- A sore that does not heal

- Unusual bleeding or discharge

- Thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere

- Indigestion of difficulty swallowing

- Obvious change in wart or mole

- Nagging cough or hoarseness

Cancer cells are cells that have lost control of their ability to divide in a controlled fashion creating a group of out-of-control, dividing and growing cancer cells – a tumour. Tumours induce blood vessel growth (angiogenesis). They may grow quickly or slowly.

A benign tumor is not cancer, does not spread, can usually be completely removed, is not likely to recur and does not usually present a serious threat to health. 

A malignant tumor is cancer, and can invade neighboring tissue and organs through blood or lymph system (this is the system which helps fight infection). This is called metastasis and can start new or secondary cancers.

Single cancer cells can break away from an established tumour, to spead locally or they may enter the bloodstream or lymph system, and be carried to a distant site, where they can take root and grow as a secondary tumour. They can also spread across body cavities.

Attributed to Hippocrates, the earliest term for a benign swelling was oncos (Greek); and malignant swelling was carcinos (Greek), from which cancer (Latin) was later derived.

There is no defined and established cause of the cancer, but recent research has given much clue about the cancer. It has been linked to genetic factors which may get triggered by certain controllable and non-controllable risk factors, like smoking, drinking, and food habits.

A risk factor is anything that may increase a person’s chance of developing a disease. A risk factor does not necessarily cause the disease, but it may make the body less resistant to it. The following risk factors and mechanisms have been proposed as contributing to the development of cancer.

1. Age-

Age is one of important most risk factors of developing cancers. Around 55-65% of cancers are diagnosed in the people above 55 Years.

2. Lifestyle Factor- 

Chewing tobacco, smoking, drinking, and sedentary life style may put you at increased risk of developing the disease.

3. Genetic Factors

Certain set of the cancers have strong link to family history of cancers (Ex. breast and ovarian). This is mainly due to genetic mutation caused by cancer.  

4. Environmental Factors-

Some industrial and environmental pollutants can also put you at increased risk of  developing cancer.  

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